In a 2003 study, the National Gardening Association found that US consumers spent a total of $38.4 billion on their lawns and gardens. The study also revealed that eight out of ten (84 million) US households engaged in one or more categories of do-it-yourself lawn and garden activities.[1]

The lushness of these personal landscapes, however, have an environmental cost. According to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), American homeowners use 10 times more pesticides per acre than American farmers.[2]

The Environmental Working Group found agricultural weed killers—including atrazine, cyanazine, metolachlor, and acetochlor—in the tap water of 28 of the 29 cities tested. In 13 cities, average levels of weed killers in the tap water exceeded federal standards.[3]

Related health issues

Studies link organophosphates, a common class of agricultural pesticides, to cancer, fetal abnormalities, chronic fatigue syndrome, and Parkinson's disease.[4] Women who are diagnosed with breast cancer have a five to nine times higher likelihood of having pesticide residues in their blood than those who don't have breast cancer.[4] One study in California found that infants exposed to herbicides before the age of one are 10 times more likely to develop early persistent asthma.[5]

A 1999 study by the Consumers Union reported that produce sold to American consumers "contains toxic pesticide levels high enough to be dangerous for young children."[6] Infants, young children, and developing fetuses can't easily detoxify the majority of pesticides, and are especially susceptible to neurotoxins, since brain and nervous system growth continues until children are about 12 years old.[7]


  • organophosphates: Pesticides (such as malathion) that are phosphorus-containing organic compounds.

External links




Would you like to know more about composting, you can download a quick guide and presentation on my web site. (under links)

Marc Landry - Organik Touch


thanks organik
im riting a report and that really saved me
ur link is very helpful


Back to Natives Restoration, a green non profit 501(c)3, designs native landscapes for homeowners and businesses
Some funding for our educational programs is acquired by designing locally native landscape plans for homeowners and businesses. Locally native plants are beautiful and attract butterflies and birds to your garden. We sell native plants and hold workshops to help you install your garden. We also consult with landscape architect design firms to develop locally native plant palettes for large scale projects.
We encourage and use only California Native plant species, using species as locally native as possible. We do not advocate or use hybrid stock or 'California Friendly" species as all non-native species have the possibility of becoming invasive under the correct circumstances. More on this here: Why non-natives are BAD!

Why hybrids are bad:
"Hybridization is a major cause of extinction worldwide because of translocations of organisms and habitat modifications by humans. Understanding the processes of hybridization and the different types of hybrids that are produced is important for developing effective conservation policies to deal with hybridization."

The problems with hybrids: setting conservation guidelines
pp. 613-622(10) Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Authors: Allendorf F.W.; Leary R.F.; Spruell P.; Wenburg J.K.

'Xero-Scaping' or xeriscaping is not just cactus and sand. If you live in the desert then maybe a good portion of your landscape should include the locally native cacti. However a commitment to xeriscaping is more than that, it is the reduction of water use and loss along with reduction of chemical fertilizer and herbicide uses. With over 1200 species and counting of native plant species in Orange County and over 5000 in California, choices are almost endless for that 'specific look' you are in search of! .

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