Flowers

Flowers

Worldwide, cut flowers are a $40 billion industry. Americans alone spend about $6.2 billion on them each year, amounting to 4 billion stems annually.[1] Unfortunately, all those colorful bouquets may be pleasing to the eye—and nose—but they also carry an environmental and human cost.

Blighted blossoms: the eco-hazards of flowers

Long-haul farming

In 1991, the US reduced tariffs on imported flowers from South American countries, a shift that effectively moved a great percentage of flower production to points south (more than 70 percent of flowers are now imported from Latin America).[1] This change forced many local US flower farmers out of business, reducing California flower farms, in particular, from 45 to 10.[2] Because most flowers are now shipped in cooled (read fuel-intensive) containers, a majority of bouquets come with a hefty eco-travel bill.

Toxic farming

Imported flowers must enter the US bug- and fungus-free, spurring many growers to saturate blossoms with pesticides and other chemicals so they pass inspection. Many of these chemicals (some 127 in all) are banned or restricted in the US.[3] Even worse, imported flowers are typically not inspected for pesticide residues because they're not food products, and therefore can carry relatively large quantities of chemicals compared to local varieties. ( Local flowers may be sprayed as well, but since they don’t undergo the same rigorous inspection process, they’re likely to contain far fewer of the harmful toxins found on imports.) Ultimately, some of these pesticides end up contaminating waterways, soil, and the air. In addition, these chemicals can also adversely affect pollinators, including bees.

Unhealthy workplaces

Among the many challenges that flower workers face (including low wages and unfair labor practices), health-related problems rank high. Pesticides and other toxic chemicals, often sprayed on flower crops in enclosed, unventilated tents, cover the skin and are inhaled by workers. A United Nations study found that 60 percent of workers on flower farms in Ecuador, many of whom were children, suffered from pesticide poisoning, with symptoms ranging from dizziness to blurred vision.[4] A full two-thirds of Colombian flower laborers exhibit comparable illnesses, including neurological problems and disproportionately high numbers of still births.[5]

In addition, florists who handle flowers coated with pesticides and other agro-chemicals often suffer from dermatitis on their hands, and if the chemicals spread onto their clothes, they can expose others to these harmful toxins, as well.

A rosy outlook

These environmental and health problems linked to conventionally grown flowers has prompted a rise in the eco-friendly flower market. Organic and biodynamic flowers, for instance, are grown in ways that reduce related health risks, protect water and soil resources, and promote biodiversity. They're also known to be more fragrant and longer-lasting than their conventional cousins. The fair trade flower industry is also on the rise, especially with the relatively recent establishment of two certification bodies: Veriflora and Fair Trade Certification Flowers Program.

Glossary

  • biodynamic flowers: Flowers grown according to biodynamic principles, which include organic growing techniques, wildlife diversity, crop rotation, treating the farm as a complete ecosystem, and finding farm-based solutions to pest, disease, and fertility problems.
  • fair trade: Fair Trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers.

External links

Comments

05/26/2009
12:34pm
Da Green Tree

You should be insulted you and have ruined my plan

06/10/2009
5:25pm
bubblegumgirl

The trick to keeping your cut flowers lasting longer and in doing so saving money, is to every day cut a small amount off the stems and change the water. You might need to change the size, shape of the vase once the stems get very short.

04/19/2010
2:08pm
soccer.luver18

you people have no life. [:
bahahaha!

04/19/2010
2:08pm
soccer.luver18

you people have no life. [:
bahahaha!

07/21/2010
1:17am
belly

Introduction

 
   At present,the demand for bio-degradable materials is huge both in China and in the world. The quantity needed at home in the packing industry and catering industry alone totals more than 3million tons.The international market demands even more, with a 30-50% year-on-year increase.,the  domestic demand in 2010 is expected to reach 13.437million with a total market value of over 150 billion, while that of the world will be about 20million ton. Recent years, the bio-degradable industry has witnessed a rapid development. National policies are made to escalate the industry to a high-end one, which would hopefully be the key areas in bio-degradable and abosorbable material industry by 2015. 
   The 2009 Shenzhen China International Bio-plastic Exhibition, is the most time-honored and professional of its kind in China. It serves as a platform for trade and technology exchanges for business people from all over the world. In 2009, enterpreneurs from about 20 countries and areas paticipated in this fair, many of which were from the U.S.A., the U.K., Germany, Italy, Tailand, New Zealand, Singapore, Taiwan and Hongkong. During the exhibition, world-renowned coropetations like as BSF and INNOR had discussions on the application and future of biodegradable materials.
   To meet the demands of many bio-degradable enterprises, we will hold the Second Shenzhen International Bio-plastic Exhibition will be held in Great China Exchange Plaza from 16th the 17th, November 2010. We will invite business people in plastic manufactoring ,catering, packaging, machine building, and top officials form star-rate hotels.Besides, officials from local government departments for economic development and International Investment Organization will also be invited to the fair. The fair is expected to be of high-level and distictive feature with an inflence on the world bio-degradable industry.
 
 Scope of Exhibits:

Bio-plastic products: Biodegradable Bags, Biodegradable Bowls, Biodegradable Cups, Biodegradable Containers, Biodegradable Plates, Biodegradable Trays,Biodegradable Cutlery, Biodegradable Knives, Biodegradable Forks, Biodegradable Spoons, Biodegradable Sporks, Cornstarch tableware,Oxo-Biodegradable masterbatches,Bio-plastics additives,Corn Starch Bags, plastic container, Sugarcane Plates and Bowls, Biodegradable plastic bowl,Biodegradable Catering Serving Fork,Biodegradable Compostable Bagasse Plates,Biodegradable Forks, Biodegradable Heavy Duty Picnic Pack,Biodegradable Knives, Biodegradable Catering Salad Tongs,Biodegradable Catering Serving Fork,Biodegradable Catering Serving Spoon,Biodegradable Catering Small Tongs,Biodegradable Spoons,Biodegradable Cutlery,Biobased substitutes to traditional plastics, 100% Biodegradable,100% Compostable,100% Biodegradable Cardboard,Biodegradable shopping bag, Bio-degradable plastics,Biodegradable bags,Pulp environmental tableware,Molded Pulp,Molded Pulp Cup,Medical bio-plastic products,E-Bio Plastic Products,Plastic Food Biotechnology,Bio-plastic cell phone case,Bio-plastic cartridges,Bio-plastic toothpaste box,Bio-plastic comb,Bio-plastic toothbrush,Bio-plastic toothpick,Bioplastics Cup,Bio-plastic products and other products.
Fees:
Cost to exhibitors
 standard booth(3m×3m): 2700USD,corner adds 10%  
 spare room: 250USD per  sqm 
 Ads in EXPO magazine : cover:2500USD  bottom :2000USD   inside:1500USD
 

CONCACT:
TEL:86-755-28188469 13684940952 Liu Lu
FAX:86-755-83721979 EMAIL:lu_liu1989@163.com
msn:belly201059@hotmail.com
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