GreenYour Nail care
Choose natural nail polish
Color yourself nontoxic by choosing natural nail polish with water-based ingredients. Conventional nail polish often contains a cocktail of chemicals—such as toluene, ethyl acetate, dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and formaldehyde—that can pollute the environment during production and threaten human health when inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
As the dangers associated with these petrochemicals come to light, some positive changes have been made to reduce the amount of toxins in nail polish: some major cosmetic companies, such as Revlon and Sally Hansen, have begun putting the kibosh on some of the noxious chemicals in their products, and, the European Union (EU) has already banned the use of formaldehyde and phthalates in cosmetics. But until all nail polish is deemed safe, you can ensure that your latest color won't contaminate the air in your home or threaten your health by opting for a natural nail polish from an eco- and health-savvy company.
How to choose a natural nail polish
- Choose water-based instead of chemical solvent-based nail polish: Conventional nail polish is usually made of about 70 percent chemical solvents, which, when applied, evaporate into the air and give off chemical fumes which the user then inhales. Water-based nail polish replaces most or all of these chemicals with water. Specifically, look for those that say "water-based" on the label and proclaim to be free of the following chemicals:
- acetone: A solvent used in nail polish, nail polish removers, and astringents that can cause nausea, ear, nose, and throat irritation, and dermatitis. Can contaminate waterways in production and pollutes indoor air: its presence tends to be higher inside homes than outside due to the use of chemical products.
- benzophenone-1: Can lead to hormone disruption.
- benzoyl peroxide: Inhalation of this plastics additive can irritate mucous membranes and has been shown to promote cancer in animal studies.
- dibutyl phthalate (DBP): A specific phthalate, common in nail polish to prevent chipping and add shine, that studies have shown can interfere with normal hormone balance, can cause severe birth defects, and is a suspected carcinogen. Phthalates have also been shown to cause liver, kidney, lung, and reproductive system damage, and the production of phthalates pollutes the air, water, and soil.
- ethyl lactate or ethyl alcohol: Can lead to neurological damage and irritate the eyes and mucous membranes.
- formaldehyde: Used as a preservative in some nail polishes, formaldehyde is one of the world's most hazardous compounds to both ecosystems and health, according to the Environmental Defense Scorecard, and is a known carcinogen.
- toluene: Used to give nail polish its fluid quality and improve drying time, this solvent is absorbed easily by the body through the skin or inhalation, affecting the nervous system and causing depression, headaches, nausea, fatigue, and eye, nose, and throat irritation. Toluene has also been found to be toxic to the kidneys and liver and possibly a reproductive disruptor. Toluene is petroleum-based, so its production supports the pollution and greenhouse gases associated with petroleum production.
- xylene: Like toluene, this chemical solvent is petroleum-derived, toxic, and may be linked to cancer.
- Go organic: Because the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) spends only a tiny portion of its budget investigating the chemical composition and toxins in skin care products, nail polishes can tout their use of organic ingredients and still have up to 30 percent synthetic materials, even the ones labeled "organic" or "made with organic ingredients." The only way to be sure that the product you are purchasing is, in fact, organic is too look for the USDA Organic Seal on the label. This seal guarantees that every ingredient is organically produced as defined by the National Organics Standards Board, which bans the use of harmful pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, and genetic engineering.
- Look for nail polish that does not employ animal testing: While you're contemplating green attributes, you may also wish to join the cruelty-free movement. Just keep in mind: a company may claim that they don’t employ animal testing for their products, but without third-party verification, it’s hard to know whether these statements are in fact completely true. So stick to those products certified as cruelty-free by looking for products with the Leaping Bunny Logo or the Certified Vegan Logo. You can rest assured that no bunnies (or monkeys or cats for that matter) were harmed in the making of these non-animal-tested products.
Find it! Natural nail polishes
As concern over the ugly side of cosmetics mounts, a variety of natural nail polishes have emerged on the market for green- and health-minded beauty junkies. And fear not: Natural nail polishes come in a variety of eye-catching colors for every occasion—just like their chem-laden counterparts.
With WaterColors Polish from Honeybee Gardens there's no need to worry during your nail-painting session. This water-based, low-VOC line of polishes is free of toluene, dibutyl phthalate, xylene, and formaldehyde.
Treat your fingers and toes to a nontoxic treat with these formaldehyde-, toluene-, and dibutyl-pthalate-free nail polishes from No-Miss. Colors include South Beach Red, Panhandle Pink, Palm Beach Mauve, and Strawberry Keys.
LA-based nubar, "the Healthy Alternative for Beautiful Nails," offers a range of nail beautification products that are free of formaldehyde, toluene, and phthalates. Color lines for lacquers include the Trendy Collection, the Princess Collection, the Vineyard Collection, and Sweet Nothings.
PeaceKeeper's line of mineral-based (some are also vegan) nail polishes are free of the nasty, noxious chemicals commonly associated with nail care products, like toluene and formaldehyde. Choose from a range of shades such as Paint Me Grateful, Paint Me Tender, and Paint Me Stunning.
These Leaping Bunny Certified nail lacquers are vegan and DBP-, formaldehyde-, and toluene-free. In addition to nail colors, SpaRitual also offers a full line of nail care elixirs, from cuticle care to nail strengtheners. Bottles are made from 50 percent recycled reusable and recyclable glass.
Finicky about nail polish colors? Fret no more by choosing one of Zoya's 240 colors. The company was founded by salon owner Zoya Reyzis, who was determined to find a healthier alternative to chemical-heavy traditional nail polishes during her pregnancy.
Choosing a natural nail polish helps you go green because...
- They rely on water-based ingredients in lieu of combinations of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and pose various health risks, such as cancer, hormone disruption, reproductive disorders, organ damage and more, when they evaporate into the air and are inhaled.
- Like other conventional skincare and cosmetic products, nail polishes contain petroleum-derived components. Petroleum is a non-sustainable resource, the extraction and production of which has caused major environmental damage to soil, surface and ground waters, and local ecosystems, and contributes to global warming. Petroleum-based products support the hazards of the petroleum industry, which include about 2.6 million gallons of oil spilled every month during transportation and about 71 million pounds of toxins released into the air and water during refinement.
- Many makers of natural nail polishes also follow green business practices, such as using recycled packaging and harnessing renewable energy sources like wind power.
- The Green Guide - Nail Care
- Campaign For Safe Cosmetics
- Ideal Bite - Who says it's bad to bite?
- The Nation - The High Price of Beauty
- Health Care Without Harm - Phthalates/DEHP
- All Lacquered Up: "A Polish Fanatic's Resource"
- Studies Highlight Hazards of Manicurists’ Chemicals
- San Francisco Chronicle - Suit accuses cosmetic makers of organic ruse
- US Department of Agriculture - National Organic Program: Cosmetics, Body Care Products, and Personal Care Products
- Environmental Working Group - Skin Deep Cosmetic Safety Database: Check out where your favorite nail polish ranks on the hazard scale.